When it comes to Saws, a rooked handsaw probably comes to mind, cutting a piece of wood with difficulty. And for the movie-fans, maybe even an angry clown asking whether you want to play a game! But as we all know; they do a lot more than that. Nowadays they cut any material and are available in different shapes and sizes; using whether muscle power or electricity to turn your one piece into two. It is important to know which saw suits your job requirements, for this reason we are going to talk about all the different specifications that would help you choose the perfect saw.
As for them, we are going to introduce different types available in the tools market.
Why are they important?
An important industrial factor is to know the relation between the teeth and the workpiece. If you have experience in woodworking or any other related applications, you have seen how the wrong tool can damage the material or even lead the tool itself to break sooner. So, make sure you choose the proper saw before you buy or use them. The number and the size of the teeth, are the factors you need to notice.
Basically, bigger teeth remove more material in each cut, resulting in faster but more rough finish. That is why we use them mostly for softer materials such as wood. In comparison, smaller teeth will give you a smoother cut, preferably for harder materials such as metal. You may have heard of Coarse Blades which same as their name, have bigger teeth but lower in number. Relatively, Fine Blades have more teeth but they are smaller in size.
Ever heard of the term “TPI”? It refers to number of teeth in every inch (or 25.4 mm); Teeth Per Inch. We use this term to compare blades with each other and to specify which material they’re good for. Blades with lower TPI, or coarse blades, are suitable for softer materials. And as TPI gets higher, you can cut harder materials with it. Typically, 2-3 TPI is better for thick pieces of wood, 8-10 TPI for aluminum and 14-18 TPI is good for thicker metals such as steel pipes, angle irons or steel tubing. Also 18-32 TPI is used for thinner metals (sheet metal) or based on your application, thin plastic objects.
These tools are multi-tasks! They can cut wood, metal or plastic, depending on their teeth. From long ago it was demanding to get a clean cut on a piece of wood. Now despite having all the electric and power saws, hand saws are still the popular old-fashion tools in many occasions; where you would simply put down your circular or chain saw and take out your Ronix hand saw instead. Ronix has many different types of hand saws, with different TPIs and made of hardened steel, which is enough for anyone doing any sawing task there in their workshop.
For a safe work, make sure you consider the following tips. First of all, do not test the blade’s sharpness with your hand. It might be tempting to examine it but they are sharper than what they seem! Before starting, clear your workpiece from any nails or knots and then hold the stock in a firm position, whether using a clamp or with your other hand. Mark the line where you are going to cut to have a cleaner finish in the end. Now start with a 45° angle to the workpiece and cut a kerf (little cut for the beginning), to point out where the cut will be continued. Then slightly cut with the same angle as you hold your elbow close to your body, and cut with a back and forth motion. If there is too much splinters make sure you use goggles or face masks during it.
The popular saw among those who work with metal, is Hacksaw. The are basically made from a handle, a frame and two pins that attach the blade to it. In adjustable hacksaws there is also a nut or a knob to increase or decrease the tension of blade. This tension specifies what material with what depth you can cut. You can also use different sizes of blades, thanks to this feature. By Ronix, hacksaws are professionals for horizontal and vertical cutting and with ergonomic designed handles for better efficiency, are features that made them unique. You can read more about their other features in the comparison section.
What could damage it?
Hacksaws are typically used for cutting thinner materials such as metal or plastic pipes, rods, tubing, brackets and etc. Usually having 14 to 32 TPI, they are varied from coarse blades to fine blades. Some people may use them to cut wood or other materials, but you can never be sure, whether it is suitable or not. This could lead into damaged and blunt blades, which also happens often, no panic! Even so, you can easily replace the damaged blade with a new one that suits the job.
What makes a hacksaw better than the other? Mainly, when you are trying to cut a piece of metal or plastic, the difficult part would be applying pressure in the right angle. For this reason, a strong frame can last more under the pressure. A comfortable and ergonomic handle helps you work longer and reduces hand fatigue. And finally, the adjustable tension mechanism would let you cut differently each time. By Ronix, hacksaws have strong pins, high strength saw frame with more comfortability and an epoxy powder coating for the body.
Referring to their name, we basically use Pruning Saws to cut in gardening tasks. It is possible to say that they are mainly made for trimming live stems and branches, rather than big lumbers at site. From removing an extra branch from a tree in the front yard to gather small firewood for the fireplace, you will need a pruning saw. Many different types are in the market, to know more about them, Ronix has prepared the next section for you.
Before explaining different types, you need to specify how thick the branch is. If it is thinner than 3 centimeters, you can do the job with a hand pruner (either bypass or anvil). Larger than that, you need a pruning saw!
Pruning Saws, all have the same sharp teeth and hard-point, but what makes them varied, is their shape and size. For start, you can find straight and curved types. Why are they curved? Basically, in some positions such as above your shoulders or below your waist, it is more difficult to contact all the blade’s teeth with the branch. For this reason and mainly for better control, these pruning saws are made with curved blades. In comparison, a straight saw is better used at a height between your waist and your shoulders.
Folding Pruning Saws
For the most part, they are identical as pruning saws!
But with a golden feature: folding option!
This has made them portable so you can take them to camping, hiking trails or anywhere that bringing a big pruning saw might seem ridicules! Having the possibility to fit in any tool bag or even in your pocket, has made this tool popular.
Once again, electricity has empowered us; but this time through power tools. One of the most popular and famous one is Power Saw. They are used to cut perfectly through variety of materials like wood, metal or masonry. Whether you are intended for a heavy-duty job using a heavyweight power saw or a lights task, done with a handheld model, Ronix has all the needed features to get your job done perfectly. In this section you will read all about main and popular power saws such as: Chain Saw, Circular Saw, Miter Saw, Jigsaw, Table Saw, Reciprocating Saw and Tile Saw.
An Intro to Chain Saws
Another famous power saw among both woodworkers and also horror movie fans! These powerful and sturdy tools are mainly for cutting trees and thick lumbers. The basic structure includes a guide bar, which a rotating chain with a set of teeth runs along it. The fast running set of teeth has the power equal to a handsaw, cutting with the same speed and the same number of teeth. No surprise why they are so well-liked! You can find chain saws in 3 types, based on their source power: Corded, battery or gasoline. In all these types you should follow all the safety tips to have a safe and sound cutting. For more info check out the Safe Use in Gasoline Saws.
Well this part specifies how big and thick your tree can be. Or either lumber, log and etc. There is also the bar measurement definition for chain saws, that shows the effective part of your bar. Worth to know that the actual size of bar is 5 to 10 centimeters longer than the bar measurement length. Meaning that a chainsaw’s bar is always longer than the actual diameter of lumber or tree you are cutting. Some may ask whether they are interchangeable; the answer is: it depends. It all goes back to your chainsaw model and make in the first place, and as second factor, it depends on the size of the bar you want to replace. Some models of electric chainsaws have Oregon brand’s chain and bars, in which you have the ability to tension your chain by loosening the bar nuts and control the chain adjustment slot.
There are 3 basic measurements with chains: Length, pitch and chain gage. The length of chain is also expressed with drive links. Drive links are the parts that attach the chain to the guide bar. Therefore, the number of drive links on the chain basically determine the suitable guide bar. Chain pitch is the distance between 3 sequential rivets divided by two, which will show the chain’s size. Last but not least, the chain gauge is the thickness of drive links that it is important because this part is going to fit in the groove of the guide bar. Depending on these factors and many more, there are wide variety of chains in the market that to know more about their details, will help you choose the best chainsaw that fits your work.
One may have looked at a hand saw and wondered, “Why not for all these teeth to be set on a round blade? It turns with constant motion and cut as twice as possible.” Well thanks to the probable thinker nowadays we have circular saws; being sold in tools shops, cutting down woods in every workshops or even for do it yourself project. The high rotating speed with a sharp set of teeth has made this tool a necessity for craftsmen. From late 18th century, circular saws started to become the major leading tool among woodworkers around the world.
A basic circular saw is made by assembling the following parts: The circular saw blade, a handle with a hand hold part and an on/off switch, an upper and lower blade guard, the guard lever and the shoe which would rest on top of the material being cut. Ronix 4320 circular saw with 235mm blade also has a steel wraparound base that come with an easy access carbon brush.
Circular Saw Blades
Just like other blade, circular saw blade consists of teeth which are tend to cut different types of material. First thing to know for buying a blade is the depth of your workpiece. The larger the blade the deeper the cut. As for the material, it all depends on the teeth to determine whether the blade is suitable for the hard material or soft material like wood. To more about the details read the Need to Know section. By using either one of the Ronix circular saws, you can get a 6650 to 13300rpm speed on the blade. Imagine the smooth cut!
The machine that we owe our perfect frames and casings, is the well-known Miter Saw. Their history basically goes back to the history of circular saws. Since they are kind of alike and also you can see it as a circular saw working on a swing arm to cut in different angles. That is why it is called miter saw, it miters and produce angled cuts. But there are much more to read about miter saws so keep on reading!
It is important to know the basic parts of a miter saw, in order to work properly and safely with it. A common miter saw is built from the following major two parts: The Miter Table, and the Miter Bevel. Table, fence, miter scale and slide drawer are on the miter table. The handle, power switch, miter lock handle, the blade and its guard are on the miter bevel. Worth to know that the handle itself can come in 2 types also: D-handle or T-handle. That is to say that some miter saws have more parts and features but these components are main ones that you can see in every miter saw. Ronix manufactures blades from 180mm to 300mm diameter for every woodworking requirements. The fence is used to place your workpiece up against it to keep it stable and make it easier to work with.
Compound and Standard
To be specific, there actually three types of miter saws: Standard Cut Miter Saw (only for miter cuts), Compound Miter Saw (for miter and bevel cuts) and the Slider Compound Miter Saw which in addition to the miter and bevel cut, you can push the blade along the rails for versatile widths of wood. The 5321 Ronix slide compound miter saw has the same feature, with an addition of a laser cross system to show the cutting line and an extendable table for more sequence cuts.
Chop Saw or Miter Saw?
Chop saw (Cut-off Saw) and miter saw may seem similar, but they have major difference in cutting, usage and even size. Chop saws tend to be bigger than miter saws and as for their usage, you can cut not just wood but also tougher metals (both ferrous and non-ferrous; e.g. steel profile). And lastly the main difference is their cutting function. By Cut-off saws you can have 90-degree or 45-degree cuts with the help of the metal clamp that is based on its table. Able to cut tubing, pipes or channel bars.
Miter saws may look safe and innocent. But keep that in mind; any device working with a sharp blade can be dangerous for you. Caution is required during any cutting task because as easy as they can cut a huge lumber, they can hurt you and leave you with injuries and regret. First of all, read the manual of your miter saw and also every warning printed on the device. Secondly make sure you gear up with safety tools such as goggles and gloves. Next you should consider how you are going to hold the workpiece. If you are holding it with your hand, be sure you hold both the workpiece and the fence so no sliding occurs. Also, if the workpiece is too short, it must be clamped to the table. By following all the safety tips you can enjoy your woodworking even more.
You see a perfect shaped cabinet, wondering how it those straight and accurate cut happened. This is the result, coming out of a wood shop with a powerful and practical Table Saw. But why not using a regular handsaw or other power saws? The answer comes with the stability of this device. Having a stable blade gives the user more control in order to get a more precise cut in the end.
Knowing the major parts of a table saw is a necessity in every workshop. Even just knowing the technical term of these part, would take you another step closer to become a pro in woodworking tasks. A common table saw is made from the base, table top, throat plate, a circular saw blade, motor, height and angle blade adjustment wheel, fence, miter gauge, splitter and a guard system. By Ronix these major parts can have further features such as diecast aluminum table and emergency switch for times there is too much load on the motor.
To point out the importance of this section, you should know that among all power saws, this power tool is the most dangerous one, with over 30,000 injuries every year. These tragic events occur mostly because of the kickbacks. It happens when the wood gets caught on the saw and the fast motion would throw it in the same direction, towards you. This would either hurt by throwing the wood towards your face or body, or by pulling the user’s hand and cause extreme lacerations. How to prevent? First you can use a riving knife that keep the stock from getting caught on the blade. Secondly you should keep the pressure on pushing the stock against the fence. This also is a main reason why the wood would go loose and get caught by the blade.
Ever wonder how this device has been invented? Just like its housing, it was initially a sewing machine. Once a wise man put a saw blade instead of the needle in a sewing machine and invented what we call the Jigsaw. A well-known power tools for cutting with its back and forth motion, a jigsaw cuts the workpiece at its most delicate rate. The flexibility that they offer the users, has made them popular among all who wants to create and build. From straight cuts to ripping, beveling, crosscuts, purge or curved cuts. Also known as Saber Saw, they are all the way through to help you build the desired shape out of the wood. Ronix offers different models of jigsaws with different features. Diecast aluminum housing base, base adjust from 0-45 degree and right or left and efficient airflow system are few to mention. In a range of 0 to 3100rpm load speed you can achieve with different Ronix jigsaws.
Jigsaw Blade Selection
Before buying a jigsaw blade, you need to ask yourself what am I cutting and how do I want that cut to turnout. For instance, if the workpiece is framing lumber you need a clean and fast cut. That means you need a fine blade with higher TPI. What is TPI you may wonder? Then make sure you read the Need to Know section in here. Also be sure to choose the right blade length. It has to be at least 2 centimeters more than the depth of your workpiece. At last, there are two types of jigsaw blades in the market, one with downstroke cut and one with an upstroke cut. We usually offer the upstroke type, mainly because cutting on the downstroke put more pressure on user’s hand and may cause kickbacks, which can lead to injury. However, with enough attention and caution there would be no danger using one.
Jigsaw Blade Shank
There are two popular types of blade for jigsaws: T-shank and U-shank blades. To be clear, shank is the part of the blade that will be attached to the jigsaw and be locked into the clamp. T-shank blades are most common one in the modern and today’s market, since most jigsaws are now featured with easy blade change mechanism. By Ronix we keep T-shank blade as standard for producing blades and also the jigsaws themselves are equipped with keyless blade change system. Choosing between T-shank or U-shank depends completely on your jigsaw machine brand.
These slim and powerful saws can cut through almost anything. Needless to say, they are also used for remodeling and demolition. Metal, masonry, wood, fiberglass, drywall and lot more; you name it.
Furthermore, there is corded and also cordless recip saws in the market, Ronix also offer the users cordless model of this useful power tool, with a lithium battery can keep up all the way through.
Have you ever wondered how tile workers cut tiles to perfectly fit the bathroom’s floor or the laundry room’s walls? Well the answer lies in a really practical saw called a wet tile saw. A tile saw is the most efficient way in cutting ceramic of porcelain tiles. Using a wet tile saw will provide you with a consistent and smooth cut.
Although tile saws look a lot like traditional circular saws, they have some features that makes them different from other saws. The first one is that wet tile saws cut with friction. Therefore, they have diamond shaped blades to make the cutting process easier. The question must have crossed your mind, why these saws are called “wet”? Wet tile saws are equipped with a system that constantly sprays water on the blade during the cutting process. This is to cool down the blade, lubricate it for a smoother cut and a remove dust, as the tiles are made of clay and soil. Typically, there are two different spraying systems. Some wet tile saws have a special tank for keeping the water and spraying it over the blade during cutting. On the other hand, you can attach a hose to other wet tile saws to provide a constant stream of water on the blade and the tiles.
A practical wet tile saw must be equipped with an adjustable guide fence to allow you cut more precisely. The ability to cut a tile at an angle can also play an important role in getting better results, because not every bathroom is built in a perfect rectangle!
If you are new to working with wet tile saws, there are some tips and tricks that you should know about before unleashing that cutting power! Firstly, because these saws spray water on the workpiece and the blade, it gets really messy. So, if possible, take the tile cutting project outside in the yard or the garage. Another thing that is worth mentioning about wet tile saws is that they usually are heavy. Therefore, if you are planning to put them on a table or workbench, make sure that these surfaces are secure and stable.
For maximum safety, get a proper eye protection and wear safety goggles as the splashes of water get mixed with dust and the mixture might fly right into your eyes. Wearing a hearing protection is also a good idea because tile cutting can be a quite noisy activity.
Gas engines might sound old-fashion, but even among high-demanding electric saws there are still some tasks in which these electric power engines cannot keep up to the power and cutting speed of gas engine. It is worth to mention that in rare occasions, there are circular saws powered using gasoline; but mainly when it comes to gasoline saw we mean the gas chain saw. As for the teeth and cutting mechanism, they are the same as electric chainsaws that is all explained in this section.
Two Cycle Engine
Since most gasoline powered chainsaws use a two cycle engine, it is worth to be explained a bit. This means that the engine completes a power cycle with two strokes of the piston. As for gas chainsaws, it requires the gasoline to be mixed (with oil with the specific mixing rate) for the engine to operate properly. Using it without a suitable oil and gas mixed will lead the engine to cease because of insufficient lubrication. But why using two cycle engine? Relatively you get light weighted device with high torque, which is quite useful since they are handheld.
To start with, you need to know that gas chain saws are only for cutting wood; Whether trees, branches or logs. Let’s go before starting to use the chain saw. First of all, put on all the gloves, heavy-duty clothes, chaps, boots, safety glasses and hearing protection. And if a big tree is going to fell down, definitely use a hard hat. Now to start cutting, have the proper gesture so no possible kickbacks can hurt your balance. But in a case of an accident, there is always a safety break on the handle that with a little push the whole operation would stop. Same as other saws, kickbacks are the most dangerous that could happen. In this case kickbacks can be the results of hitting the wood with the tip of the chainsaw, or to pinch the chain while cutting. Also make sure there is no extra pieces such as nails and knobs because they can make kickbacks and extremely damage the chain. By following all the mentioned tips, enjoy having a safe and sound wood cutting!